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Bladder Cancer

26 Jan 2012
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Bladder cancer is when abnormal malignant growths occur in the bladder, where urine is held and released. Non-invasive bladder cancer is when the cancer has not spread beyond the lining of the bladder. Muscle invasive bladder cancer is when the cancer has spread beyond the lining of the bladder, into the muscles surrounding the bladder.


Factors that increase the risk of developing bladder cancer can include:

  • Smoking
  • Occupational exposure to chemicals
  • Long-term use of catheters
  • Previously receiving radiotherapy treatment


  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Urine leakage
  • Bone pain
  • Fatigue and weakness


  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Medication


  • Avoid smoking
  • Limit or avoid alcohol consumption
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet


If you have any of the above symptoms, consult your general practitioner.




Video: What is Bladder Cancer and How Is It Treated?



Video: Learn About Bladder Cancer



Video: What is Bladder Cancer?




Cancer Society of New Zealand



NHS – Bladder Cancer
Bladder Cancer Advocacy Network



British Medical Journal
Journal of the American Medical Association
The Lancet



Bladder Cancer Support – Forum – Bladder Cancer Forum



The information above is of a general nature and is designed to provide you with an overview of the topic, with links to local and international resources that may be of interest.  We do our best to ensure that this information is accurate and up to date.

You should always, however, seek specific professional medical advice, treatment and care appropriate to you, and as such we strongly recommend you consult with your general practitioner first.



Updated April 2012
Image source: Wikipedia – Bladder