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Bladder Cancer

26 Jan 2012
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OVERVIEW

Bladder cancer is when abnormal malignant growths occur in the bladder, where urine is held and released. Non-invasive bladder cancer is when the cancer has not spread beyond the lining of the bladder. Muscle invasive bladder cancer is when the cancer has spread beyond the lining of the bladder, into the muscles surrounding the bladder.

Causes

Factors that increase the risk of developing bladder cancer can include:

  • Smoking
  • Occupational exposure to chemicals
  • Long-term use of catheters
  • Previously receiving radiotherapy treatment

 

Symptoms
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Urine leakage
  • Bone pain
  • Fatigue and weakness

 

Treatment
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Medication

 

Prevention
  • Avoid smoking
  • Limit or avoid alcohol consumption
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet

 

If you have any of the above symptoms, consult your general practitioner.

 

VIDEOS

 


Video: What is Bladder Cancer and How Is It Treated?

 

 

Video: Learn About Bladder Cancer

 

 

Video: What is Bladder Cancer?

 

RESOURCES & SUPPORT

Local

Cancer Society of New Zealand

 

International

NHS – Bladder Cancer
Bladder Cancer Advocacy Network

 

RESEARCH

British Medical Journal
Journal of the American Medical Association
The Lancet

 

FORUMS

Bladder Cancer Support – Forum
Topix.com – Bladder Cancer Forum

 

 

DISCLAIMER
The information above is of a general nature and is designed to provide you with an overview of the topic, with links to local and international resources that may be of interest.  We do our best to ensure that this information is accurate and up to date.

You should always, however, seek specific professional medical advice, treatment and care appropriate to you, and as such we strongly recommend you consult with your general practitioner first.

 

 

Updated April 2012
Image source: Wikipedia – Bladder