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21 Mar 2012
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Image source: Jiju Kurian Punnoose; Wikimedia Commons – Anatomy of Liver


Cirrhosis is a chronic liver disease where the liver becomes permanently scarred due to damage sustained often through excessive alcohol consumption or hepatitis.

As scar tissue accumulates in the liver, the liver begins to struggle to undertake its normal functions.


Factors that may increase the risk of developing liver cirrhosis can include:


  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Pale-coloured stools
  • Nosebleeds
  • Fluid build-up in the legs or abdomen
  • Weight loss
  • Yellowing of skin



Treatment for cirrhosis can include:

  • Stop alcohol consumption
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet
  • Exercise
  • Medication
  • Liver transplant


  • Control alcohol consumption (men shouldn't regularly drink more than 3–4 units [1 unit = 10mL or 8g of pure alcohol] per day, women shouldn't regularly drink more than 2–3 units per day)
  • Protect yourself from contracting hepatitis by engaging in safe sex and not sharing needles


If you have any of the above symptoms consult your general practitioner.




Video: Cirrhosis of the liver



Video: NHS – Cirrhosis




NHS – Cirrhosis
British Liver Trust – Cirrhosis
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Foundation
American Liver Foundation



British Medical Journal
Journal of the American Medical Association
The Lancet



MD Junction – Cirrhosis Support Group – Cirrhosis Support Group



The information above is of a general nature and is designed to provide you with an overview of the topic, with links to local and international resources that may be of interest.  We do our best to ensure that this information is accurate and up to date.

You should always, however, seek specific professional medical advice, treatment and care appropriate to you, and as such we strongly recommend you consult with your general practitioner first.



Updated April 2012
Image source: Wikimedia Commons – Anatomy of Liver