Diabetes encompasses a group of metabolic diseases that stop the body from producing enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that processes glucose (sugar) from the blood into the body's cells.
There are two types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is a result of the body's inability to produce insulin due to an autoimmune reaction that causes insulin-producing cells in the pancreas to destruct. This type of diabetes is usually caused by genetic factors or a trigger, and requires the sufferer to inject themselves with insulin.
Type 2 diabetes (often referred to as adult-onset diabetes) is a metabolic disorder where there are high levels of glucose in the blood. Lifestyle and genetic factors can cause this condition. If not kept under control, type 2 diabetes can lead to conditions such as high blood pressure, heart attacks, strokes, kidney failure and diabetic retinopathy.
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You should always, however, seek specific professional medical advice, treatment and care appropriate to you, and as such we strongly recommend you consult with your general practitioner first.