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Meningococcal Disease

02 Feb 2012
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OVERVIEW

Meningococcal disease is a contagious illness that can cause infection to the brain membrane, nerve damage and blood poisoning.

Causes

Meningococcal disease is an infectious disease caused by contracting the Neisseria meningitidis bacterium. It can be passed between individuals through saliva (coughing, sneezing, sharing drinks and food, kissing, etc.)


Symptoms
  • Vomiting
  • High temperature
  • Stiff neck
  • Head ache
  • Muscle and joint aches
  • Skin rashes
  • Sensitivity to light

 

Treatment
  • Antibiotics
  • Hospital care

 

Prevention

 

Meningococcal is a serious disease that can result in brain damage or death. Symptoms need to be treated immediately.

If your child has the above symptoms, contact your general practitioner immediately, visit your local Accident & Emergency clinic or head to the nearest hospital emergency department.

 

VIDEOS

 


Video: Meningitis

 

 

Video: What is Meningitis?

 

RESOURCES & SUPPORT

Local

Ministry of Health
Kidshealth.org.nz – Meningitis
Health Education resource – Meningococcal Disease
The Meningitis Foundation Aotearoa New Zealand

International

NHS – Meningitis
Meningitis Trust
Best Health Journal

 

RESEARCH

British Medical Journal
Journal of the American Medical Association
The Lancet

 

FORUMS

eHealthForum – Meningitis
Topix.com – Meningitis

 

 

DISCLAIMER
The information above is of a general nature and is designed to provide you with an overview of the topic, with links to local and international resources that may be of interest.  We do our best to ensure that this information is accurate and up to date.

You should always, however, seek specific professional medical advice, treatment and care appropriate to you, and as such we strongly recommend you consult with your general practitioner first.

 

 

Updated April 2012
Image source: Wikimedia Commons – Meningitis