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Multiple Sclerosis

19 Feb 2012
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Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune condition that affects the nervous system. It is caused by damage to the myelin sheath – the protective covering of nerves – resulting in damage to the nerves caused by inflammation by immune cells that attack the nervous system.


Factors that may cause multiple sclerosis can include:

  • Genetic factors
  • Environmental factors
  • Bacteria and viruses
  • Lack of vitamin D


  • Loss of balance
  • Numbness
  • Muscle spasms
  • Difficulty moving arms and legs
  • Difficulty walking
  • Tremor in legs and/or arms
  • Muscle weakness
  • Constipation
  • Incontinence
  • Eye discomfort
  • Double vision



There is not cure for multiple sclerosis, but treatment to relieve symptoms can include:

  • Complementary therapies
  • Diet modification
  • Medication


If you have any of the above symptoms, consult your general practitioner.




Video: The Basics – What is Multiple Sclerosis?



Video: What is Multiple Sclerosis?




Multiple Sclerosis Society of New Zealand
Multiple Sclerosis Auckland


NHS – Multiple Sclerosis
Best Health – Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis Society UK
National Multiple Sclerosis Society US



Journal of the American Medical Association
The Lancet
British Medical Journal


FORUMS – Multiple Sclerosis – Forum – Multiple Sclerosis Forum



The information above is of a general nature and is designed to provide you with an overview of the topic, with links to local and international resources that may be of interest.  We do our best to ensure that this information is accurate and up to date.

You should always, however, seek specific professional medical advice, treatment and care appropriate to you, and as such we strongly recommend you consult with your general practitioner first.


Updated April 2012
Image source: Wikimedia Commons – Multiple Sclerosis